Kosovo state or province?
Kosovo state or province?

Last month’s Balkans Regional conference in Slovenia brought up once again Kosovo status on international scene in center of importance. Since Slovenian PM Borut Pahor asked Kosovo authorities to attend on conference as independent State Serbian President Boris Tadic said that he doesn’t want to attend on event and Bosnian PM Nikola Spiric fled out from the conference room. Now EU as one of the most important promoters of Kosovo independence asked Turkey to come over and try to help in configuring new representation model for Kosovo which will be considerably appropriate for Serbia.

President of EU Members Council and Spanish Foreign Affair Minister, Miguel Angel Moratinos, and his Turkish counterpart Ahmed Davutoglu will visit Belgarade next week to discuss everything with Serbian minister Vuk Jeremic. Kosovo status in Serbia and relations between them is highly political and national question for Serbia since late 20th century, Serbia still claims that Kosovo can’t be independent state regarding Kosovo’s historical, cultural and religious importance to Serbia. Serbia has support of Russia to keep Kosovo as province with wide constitutional rights and Kosovo has US support to stay out of Serbia as independent state with traced path to the NATO and EU integration processes. Beside all those disputes Kosovo is rising from ashes slowly and is trying to boost democrat processes with high expectations for future of Albanian majority and Serbian minority.  What we can expect from Moratinos-Davutoglu team in next few weeks?

One thing is unexpected and that is Serbia’s acceptance of Kosovo as independent state. Possible model for first period, we can talk about few years or first decade, is to accept Kosovo on international scene as UN protectorate or to be represented under different name. Examples for this possible deal we can find in Macedonian case regarded to Greece Macedonia dispute over the state name. Macedonia is a member of United Nations and it is in membership process for European Union but is represented as Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. This model probably will be acceptable for Serbia if Kosovo will be represented as UN Kosovo authorities or in other grammar way. That will give a chance to both sides to cooperate with neighbor states and international institutions and it will be wonderful experience for Kosovo on the road to democracy and probable full independence one day.

Beside those “name” challenges Spain-Turkey initiative will work with Serbia on preparations for future actions on Kosovo situation in light of upcoming decision of International Justice Tribunal in Den Hague on Kosovo’s declaration of independence. This part is highly important for Serbia as candidate for EU and her relations with EU member’s states whom already recognize Kosovo as state.