Serbia filled a resolution to the UN without previously promised consultations with the biggest world powers, and entered to a new very risky phase and is also gambling with its candidacy for the EU membership. Pressure from EU and five biggest powers in UN Security Council resulted in request to official Belgrade to withdraw its resolution followed by warning that Serbia cannot expect European integration should it continue acting in this manner.
Serbian media are reporting that is not secret that Germany and the Great Britain conditioned debating over Serbia’s candidate status for the EU membership as early as this spring with Serbia’s behaviour towards Kosovo and at the UN. British highest representative in Serbia, Ambassador Steven Wordsworth, presented official stand of Foreign Office in an interview to the BBC saying that the text of Serbia’s resolution in unacceptable and that EU is surprised at Serbia’s move. He also called Belgrade to return to consultations with EU over the text of the resolution explaining that consultations began week ago. According to sources in Prishtina Kosovo government is also preparing its resolution to the UN, and Serbia’s move was intended to be first country that will present its resolution so in afterwards procedure Kosovo’s resolution would become just dead word on the paper. EU Foreign Affair Commissioner, Baroness Ashton, works on EU resolution which recognises ICJ’s advisory and nonbinding opinion and calls both sides on constructive and productive negotiations over future relations between neighbouring countries.
British Ambassador explained that Serbian Foreign Ministry on Tuesday called representatives of Quinta countries (GB, US, Italy, France and Germany) asking for their comments on proposed resolution.
“That is why we have been surprised at the information we received later that day that Serbia had already filed to the UN the draft of its resolution without previous information being sent to the EU officials of the Quinta”, said Mr. Wordsworth.
Blic Newspapers learned unofficially that the representatives of Quinta were forces to write down the resolution by themselves since they don’t received any official document from Serbian FM. Basically resolution draft was dictated to the Quinta representatives, diplomatic circles described this move as ‘insulting’ and failing to act as it was agreed previously caused ‘loss of trust’ towards Serbian officials.
“If Serbia does not return to consultations with the EU over the resolution, it is very likely that 22 countries or possibly all 27 EU members shall file their own text of the resolution to the UN”, said anonymous diplomatic official to the Blic.
U.S. who strongly supports Kosovo’s independence released official statement regretting Serbia’s submission of the resolution to the UN.
“We regret that Serbia failed to take part in serious consultations before it had submitted its own resolution because a consensus could have been reached about a text which might be supported by all parties concerned”, said in the statement.
Two respected experts Vladimir Todoric, editor of the “Serbian Legal Review”, and former Serbian Ambassador to France, Predrag Simic are convinced that this move will caused many problems to the Serbian state and further international relations.
“It shall be very difficult for the Serbian resolution to secure majority at the UN General Assembly without the EU support. This act is a confrontation with the powers of the West. I think there is still room for agreement with the EU over the resolution”, said Mr. Todoric.
In current issue of The Economist presented well-articulated article on ICJ’s nonbinding rule. The Economist recognizes several reason why certain countries doesn’t recognized Kosovo as an impendent state including such as Russia, China, India and Spain. More facts you can read in following chart.