Nearly five hours ago Bosnian Election Commission closed all voting places and first results for highest office in the country are presented to the public little bit before midnight. Bosnian Presidency will become new four-year mandate with only one new member. Serbian and Croatian representatives, Mr. Nebojsa Radmanovic and Mr. Zeljko Komsic, will remain and newly elected Bosniak representative would be Mr. Bakir Izetbegovic son of the first Presidency President Mr. Alija Izetbegovic.
Two of three national groups, Bosniaks and Serbs, show through their votes which political path is the best for them. On the Bosniak side they avoid to vote for previous member Mr. Haris Silajdzic who didn’t accomplish any of his election promises and succeed in worsening situation with neighbouring countries especially with Serbia. They also didn’t want media mogul and Grand mufti of Bosnia confident, Mr. Fahrudin Radoncic, to lead them by his radical and nationalistic politics. As many analysts including Prof. Zoran Tomic, Prof. Nerzuk Curak and Mr. Asim Metiljevic conclude they chose Mr. Izetbegovic’s “politics of the middle road” which he inherited by his late father in effort to save Bosnia as united and undisputed state. Mr. Izetbegovic’s politics are seen as chance for better cooperation between national groups in upcoming process of constitutional reforms. Remaining question is would other two national groups accept his politics as partnership and if they will work with him for Bosnia and Herzegovina?
Serb national group clearly said that they are supporting current leadership, led by SNSD Party and it leader Mr. Milorad Dodik. SNSD Party build pre-election campaign on a nationalistic rhetoric, calls for secession from Bosnia and Herzegovina and so called impossible state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Their candidate for Presidency, Dr. Nebojsa Radmanovic, win yesterdays election by enormous percentage advance against his first opponent Mr. Mladen Ivanic. SNSD Leader Dodik celebrated in Banja Luka, Capital of Republic of Srpska, he’s win for a position of President of Republic of Srpska, and that means that he would give up his current position of RS’s PM to become a head of Bosnian smaller entity. It’s clear that Mr. Dodik will continue with his nationalistic rhetoric and that he will continue with threats about secession referendum in effort to kept himself and small group of his followers in power in RS. This could be big problem for further Bosnian moves towards European Union and NATO pact, but that is regular and democratic decision but RS citizens.
Third and smallest national group in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croats, are not satisfied with election results for their representative in Bosnian Presidency. For a second time in four years that position will be occupied by Mr. Zeljko Komsic, who’s representing Social-Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina, because they think that Mr. Komisc is not real representative of Croats. Social-Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina is successor of Communistic Party of Yugoslavia, and it’s multinational party which usually receives support from all three national groups in B&H. Croatian national parties are arguing that Mr. Komsic represents Bosnianks (whom are biggest supporters of Mr. Komsic) and Serbs, not Croats because biggest part of them would vote for one of their representatives. This situation could be changed on the next elections if state gets new Constitution which will exchange current voting system.
Since we don’t have all results, biggest part of them would be presented tomorrow in Sarajevo, we can make conclusion based on this results because usually votes for Presidency are almost a same for Parliament and Provincial Assemblies. Bosnia and Herzegovina would remain in a same situation of struggle between national groups, national interests, and what is most important interests of small group of people. Unemployment, poverty, destroyed economy, highly damaged educational and health systems, will stay as everyday problems for Bosnian citizens. Bosnian EU membership bid probably would stay imaginative and on the last place of list of important things which need to be done before next elections in 2014. Regional cooperation maybe would be better but it’s hardly imaginable that would be much better than it’s now. Easiest conclusion of Bosnian election would be: “It’s Bosnian absurd. Citizens said that they want change, but the choose same people, where is change?”